Whether you are a patient or visitor at Los Robles Hospital, we want your experience with us to be as pleasant as possible. We have provided helpful information to help you during your stay or while visiting a patient in the hospital.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2005.
Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
Okeson, Jeffrey. Clinical Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion. 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby 2007.
Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis.
Lancet Neurol. 2006;5:257-267.
TMD/TMJ (temporomandibular disorders). American Dental Association website. Available at:
http://www.ada.org/. Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
website. Available at:
Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at:
http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ/. Updated August 2008. Accessed September 17, 2008.